For conclusion, I say the Philosopher teacheth, but he teacheth obscurely, so as the learned onely can vnderstande him, that is to say, he teacheth them that are already taught; but the Poet is the foode for the tenderest stomacks, the Poet is indeed the right Popular Philosopher, whereof Esops tales giue good proofe: whose pretty Allegories, stealing vnder the formall tales of Beastes, make many, more beastly then Beasts, begin to heare the sound of vertue from these dumbe speakers. Category: Literary Criticism Author : J. It is reprinted from the copy in the British Museum. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book without typos from the publisher. Also, what if virtue simply isn't your goal? By and by, we heare newes of shipwracke in the same place, and then wee are to blame if we accept it not for a Rock. There is no art delivered unto mankind that hath not the works of nature for his principal object, without which they could not consist, and on which they so depend as they become actors and players, as it were, of what nature will have set forth.
I doe it because as they are excelling parts of Poesie, so is there none so much vsed in England, and none can be more pittifully abused. If it is multi volume set, then it is only single volume. For that wise Solon was directly a Poet it is manifest, hauing written in verse the notable fable of the Atlantick Iland, which was continued by Plato. For he doth not only show the way, but giveth so sweet a prospect into the way, as will entice any man to enter into it; nay, he doth, as if your journey should lie through a fair vineyard, at the very first give you a cluster of grapes, that full of that taste you may long to pass farther. Critias will tell of the rescue of Europe by the ancient citizens of Attica, 10,000 years before, from an inroad of countless invaders who came from the vast island of Atlantis, in the Western Ocean; a struggle of which record was preserved in the temple of Naith or Athene at Sais, in Egypt, and handed down, through Solon, by family tradition to Critias.
True poets must teach and delight — a view that dates back to. The first of these sentences is from Horace Epistle I. I haue a story of young Polidorus, deliuered for safeties sake, with great riches, by his Father Priamus to Polimnestor, king of Thrace, in the Troyan war time. Three things necessary for producing good poetry are Art, Imitation and Exercise which are lacking in the present generation of poets. But what Alcibiades did, or what happened to him, this is particular truth. For indeed I had much rather sith truly I may doe it shew theyr mistaking of Plato vnder whose Lyons skin they would make an Asse-like braying against Poesie then goe about to ouerthrow his authority, whom the wiser a man is the more iust cause he shall find to haue in admiration; especially sith he attributeth vnto Poesie more then my selfe doe, namely, to be a very inspiring of a diuine force, farre aboue mans wit, as in the aforenamed Dialogue is apparant.
About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. But history being captive to the truth of a foolish world, in many times a terror from well-doing, and an encouragement to unbridled wickedness. I know some will say, it is a mingled language: and why not so much the better, taking the best of both the other? Such were Dauid in his Psalmes, Salomon in his song of Songs, in his Ecclesiastes, and Prouerbs, Moses and Debora in theyr Hymnes, and the writer of Iob; which, beside other, the learned Emanuell Tremelius and Franciscus Iunius doe entitle the poeticall part of the Scripture. Their third is, how much it abuseth mens wit, trayning it to wanton sinfulnes and lustfull loue: for indeed that is the principall, if not the onely abuse I can heare alledged. But heereto is replyed, that the Poets gyue names to men they write of, which argueth a conceite of an actuall truth, and so, not being true, prooues a falshood. Here the introduction ends, and the argument begins with its Part 1. But euen in the most excellent determination of goodnes, what Philosophers counsell can so redily direct a Prince, as the fayned Cyrus in Xenophon? Nowe, wherein we want desert were a thanke-worthy labour to expresse: but if I knew, I should haue mended my selfe.
For it is faulty both in place and time, the two necessary companions of all corporall actions. . Exercise, indeed, we do, but that very forebackwardly; for where we should exercise to know, we exercise as having known; and so is our brain delivered of much matter which never was begotten by knowledge. Only let me intreate you in reading the booke ensuing not to do me that iniurie that a Potter did to Ariosto. True it is, and so was it to be playd in two daies, and so fitted to the time it set forth. And what so much good doth that teaching bring forth I speak still of moral doctrine as that it moveth one to do that which it doth teach. They say the Comedies rather teach then reprehend amorous conceits.
For indeed, if the question were whether it were better to haue a perticular acte truly or falsly set down, there is no doubt which is to be chosen, no more then whether you had rather haue Vespasians picture right as hee was, or at the Painters pleasure nothing resembling. Luckily, it's implicitly clear that his learned and exhausting explanation is not to be confused with supra-poesy. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. The deuout and Christen demeanor of Charlemayne in the 14 booke, with his prayer, Non uoglia tua bontà per mio fallire, Chi l tuo popol fedele habbia à patire. We delight in good chaunces, we laugh at mischaunces; we delight to heare the happines of our friends, or Country, at which he were worthy to be laughed at that would laugh; wee shall, contrarily, laugh sometimes to finde a matter quite mistaken and goe downe the hill agaynst the byas, in the mouth of some such men, as for the respect of them one shalbe hartely sorry, yet he cannot chuse but laugh; and so is rather pained then delighted with laughter. The poetic truths are ideal and universal. But I would this fault were only peculiar to versifiers, and had not as large possession among prose printers: and, which is to be marvelled, among many scholars, and, which is to be pitied, among some preachers.
I have also to thank Mr. Although, indeed, the senate of poets have chosen verse as their fittest raiment; meaning, as in matter they passed all in all, so in manner to go beyond them; not speaking table-talk fashion, or like men in a dream, words as they changeably fall from the mouth, but piecing each syllable of each word by just proportion, according to the dignity of the subject. Sidney himself speaks of his effort as a pittiful defence of poore Poetry: and the term was frequently employed by contemporary critics in their pamphlet feuds. To, Sidney, poetry is an art of imitation for specific purpose, it is imitated to teach and delight. Truely, this is much, if there be much truth in it.
Iames his counsell, in singing Psalmes when they are merry: and I knowe is vsed with the fruite of comfort by some, when, in sorrowfull pangs of their death-bringing sinnes, they find the consolation of the neuer-leauing goodnesse. The old song of Percy and Douglas, Chevy Chase in its first form. Hee meant it not by Poetrie, which, not content with earthly plagues, deuiseth new punishments in hel for Tyrants: nor yet by Philosophie, which teacheth Occidendos esse; but no doubt by skill in Historie, for that indeede can affoord your Cipselus, Periander, Phalaris, Dionisius, and I know not how many more of the same kennell, that speede well enough in theyr abhominable vniustice or vsurpation. True it is, and so was it to be played in two days, and so fitted to the time it set forth. A sufficient probability, that if ever learning comes among them, it must be by having their hard dull wits softened and sharpened with the sweet delight of poetry; for until they find a pleasure in the exercise of the mind, great promises of much knowledge will little persuade them that know not the fruits of knowledge. Sidney no where makes any mention of Gosson, he was directly replying to him. Another cause is the want of serious cultivation of the Poetic Art.