She dedicated herself to the Enlightenment and putting those ideas into practice through legislation. This article celebrates the bicentenary year of her death. Said to have been born on 15 April 1684 5 April , she was originally named Marta Helena Skowrońska. No prior knowledge or advanced education in necessary to understand this work. An interesting and enjoyable read. She founded elementary schools, academies, libraries and other institutions of learning across the empire.
Taking up where Peter the Great left off, she drafted a new legal code, limited the use of torture, reorganized the municipal system, supported religious tolerance, introduced Western culture, and patronized the arts particularly those from France. Though Catherine the Great had the support of Peter's mother, the Empress Elizabeth, she disliked her husband -- Catherine later wrote she'd been more interested in the crown than the person in making this marriage -- and first Peter than Catherine was unfaithful. While Russia was still technically at war with the Turks, Yemelyan Pugachev, a , led a revolt at home. Though steeped in complex history, Er I was interested in reading about Catherine since she played a role in my family's history. The Samson fountain shoots water 66 feet into the air. Her value for education helped Russia become more advanced. Ashby, Ruth and Ohrn, Deborah Gore, ed.
Qualcosa cambiò quando a 16 anni Sofia, nonostante il suo basso rango, venne data in sposa a Carlo Pietro Ulrico di Holstein Gottorp, nominato da poco erede di Russia dalla zia, la zarina Elisabetta, donna volubile, discutibile, autoritaria, possessiva, stravagante, crudele ma che sulle prime parve prendere in simpatia la giovane Sofia che proprio da lei ricevette il nome di Caterina. This greatly enhances the work of Madariaga and further makes this a good resource. This is a very useful website which gives an accurate account of Catherine's life. Despite this fact, contemporary audiences applauded her work. However, Catherine died before she could put her plans into effect and she was succeeded by her son Paul.
Devoted to much pleasure and luxury and greatly desirous of giving her court the brilliancy of a European court, Elizabeth prepared the way for Catherine. This flamboyance gave rise to a number of legends, most notably and almost certainly not true that she died while having sex with a stallion. Catherine went with Peter on his in 1711. And yet, Majesty, the tragedy happened, He had begun to argue with prince Fyodor during the meal and before we could separate them he was no longer! The eldest son from his first marriage, Alexis, was convicted of high treason by his father and secretly executed in 1718. Russia's preoccupation with the war enabled Pugachev to take control of a part of the Volga area. It had a gossipy, coy tone that kept me someone who gets bored with lists of dates or names engaged.
With her emphasis on a uniformly administered empire, Catherine presaged the policy of Russification that later tsars and their successors would practice. Born on May 2, 1729, in the German city of Stettin Szczecin, Poland today , into the family of Prince Christian August of Anhalt-Zerbst, Catherine was christened Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst a daughter of a minor German prince in Prussian service. Catherine later had three other children. She has a way of writing details and painting scenes, so that the information flows more like a fiction novel. She expanded the borders of Russia in all directions in seven wars.
The marriage was not a happy one and both Peter and Catherine were soon having affairs. Peter and Catherine were completely different, and had nothing in common. At the same time she struck sharply at those who sought to replace her with Paul. Catherine, on the other hand, looks very modest and acts as though she is happy to be there, holding Peter's hand even though, in reality, it was the opposite. For most of history male rulers were expected to have sexual relations with numerous women, usually a lot younger than themselves, and often maintaining several mistresses at one time, in addition to frequenting brothels. A of the English and French liberal philosophers, she saw very quickly that the reforms advocated by or , which were difficult enough to put into practice in Europe, did not at all correspond to the realities of an anarchic and backward Russia. The story of her humble origins was considered by later generations of to be a state secret.
By 1764, Catherine felt confident to begin work on reforming the social condition of her country. She sponsored the first school for girls in Russia and also established a system of elementary schools. Peter the Great was the 14th child of Czar Alexis by his second wife, Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina. He reportedly served as her pimp, supplying her with a series of young lovers. She had relationships with as many as twelve lovers during her lifetime, which was also a way for her to expand her influence and territories for her empire. I look forward to reading more about other Russian tsars and tsarinas, and I'll be sure to especially read more of Ms. Although, that did add a certain amount of readability.
There was an intense hatred between Catherine and her son Paul, and because of this, Catherine planned to make her grandson, Alexander, the successor to the throne of Russia. She assured herself of further advantage by the studied use of her charm and vivacity in cultivating the goodwill of important personages. By distributing the so-called crown lands to her favourites and ministers, she worsened the lot of the peasants, who had enjoyed a certain. She was humiliated, bored, and regarded with suspicion while at court, but she found comfort in reading extensively and in preparing herself for her future role as. Catherine even gave her support both military and financial behind Poniatowski in his effort to become king of Poland. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit. On June 28, 1762, with the aid of her lover Gregory Orlov, she rallied the troops of to her support and declared herself , the sole ruler of Russia.