Anti-Semitism is not so prevalent in this modern day in some countries, yet a violent religious jihad has been going on in Israel for over 50 years. When he opens the casket, he is surprised to see a skull symbolising that he is cold hearted, selfish and that many men desire death. With these words, he apparently values his money at least as much as his daughter, suggesting that his greed outweighs his love. The audience would have found this funny as most of them would of not liked Jews anyway. Basically, she is asking Shylock to consider showing mercy to Antonio by even allowing a doctor to be present when the pound of flesh is cut. Act 4 scene 1, is the trial that Shylock has been waiting for.
The central themes of the play are justice and mercy, love and hate, appearance and reality, and value and worth. Antonio has treated Shylock quite cruelly in the past and is victimised by Shylock for this cruel treatment. As well as loyalty, Antonio and Bassanio have a very strong friendship on the verge of a bromance. There has to be two parties for racism to happen. This plays towards the comedic approach of the play, but is overpowered in the tragic light of the potential outcome of the stipulation taking place.
The Christians adhered to Jesus' commandment to lend money ''looking for nothing again'' and forbade asking for interest or even the principal investment back. In The Merchant of Venice, however, Portia is a woman that saves the life of a man with her wit and intelligence. Money is involved in everything in the play; it is at the centre of work, relationships and rumours. I feel that this is Shakespeare's intention in this play. Mercy is something that kings and mighty people should have in order to judge his subjects, just like God. Act 2 Scene 2, is one of the less important scenes of the play.
The play is set in Venice where Bassanio seeks three thousand ducats from his close friend Antonio, which he hopes to spend on travel to Belmont to woo the beautiful, rich heiress Portia. Portia, the lovely and wealthy heiress, exemplifies stereotypical feminine qualities but also exhibits independent and intelligent. The Christians had their reasons for hating the Jews. At the end of this scene the audience thinks the worst of Shylock. During that period the play was written and based the treatment of Jews was very different from today, the reason being society often refuses to except immigrants as actual people that believe still exists today, the treatment of Jews was very poor, Jewish people were not allowed to hold employment except for the job of money lender, this made the Jewish people even more despised by the Christians of the time.
His language shows him to be hurt, humiliated, vulnerable and extremely angry at the Christians. . For example with Shylock, we first liked him, then hated him, then liked him and then hated him. The casket system shows the unjust male power and control that men have over women in the patriarchal society. But beneath the comedy lies the murky world of racism, sexism e. England was going through a Christian reformation that had caused friction between Christians and Jews. Behavior and motive are explained for comic consistency and unity, almost as if the playwright did not trust our capacity to intuit them.
Portia is complaining to Nerrisa about the way her suitors get picked. Antonio has treated Shylock quite cruelly in the past and is victimised by Shylock for this cruel treatment. In other words, Bassanio is anxious to view his relationship with Antonio as a matter of business rather than of love. By putting this story in its social context, it is clear that modern society will have a different perspective on the story than their Elizabethan counterpart. Instead, she backs Shylock into a corner, where she strips him of his bond, his estate, and his dignity, forcing him to kneel and beg for mercy.
A promise made by word of mouth was the same as having an agreement in writing; they had to keep their word or pay the consequences. Shylock ignores the many pleas to save Antonio. In the Merchant of Venice, Judaism and Christianity aren't just religions; they are constructed as racial and even nation identities as well. Antonio has no hope, even the Duke of Venice cannot save him, because the law must be followed if Venice were to maintain the trust of foreign traders. There is a constant theme of self-interest versus love. Her beauty tied together with a future filled with her fathers wealth makes Portia one of the most desired bachelore. Shylock is now very isolated.
Her future lies in the hands of the casket system put into place by her dead father. He says he will not choose the gold casket because he is not like everyone else; he is better than the others are. He uses techniques, dramatic techniques and context to showcase these ideas which form the plot, climax and conclusion of this remarkable play. The other setting is Belmont, a city which houses a rich, happy society of beautiful people. He says that it is impossible to change Shylocks mind.
This makes hard for Shylock to make living since he, as a Jew, cannot do anything else except lend money and charging interest. One of the most important ideas in the play is the destructiveness of hatred and revenge. As a result, he fabricates an ingenious plan- one by one he would make everyone pay. The Duke pardons him and Antonio allows him to retain a half but the half must eventually go to Lorenzo and Jessica. Also there is the romantic love explored by Shakespeare. He makes the two similar so that they are not very important to the plot of the play.