By the delegation of linear authorities, the rule of controllability is also established. The problem of span of management is not a new one. It has two primary roles 1 to detect information and bring it into the organisation. The manager normally gets involved when the staff fails to run the show. . Degree of Planning: Higher the degree of plans, particularly standing plans, clearly providing rules, procedures, methods etc.
Bonus Article: Factors Affecting Span of Control Following are the factors determining the span of control: 1. The manager must spend considerable time in visiting the separate units and make use of more time consuming formal. Therefore, he should have a narrow span of control. Article shared by The determination of span depends upon the number of relationships, which can be managed by a superior. Some people fixed the number of subordinates as between four and eight at the higher levels and between eight and twenty at the lower levels of organization.
Span of control is the number of employees that a manager can control effectively. Reasonable span of supervision: How many subordinates a manager may effectively manage and control? Considering the span of management is important to maintain effective functioning state of an organization. It takes time to assign tasks, answer questions, direct subordinates, and coordinates the entire work. On the contrary, If the work is more complicated, Managers cannot have an effective control over a small number of employees only. Use of Communication Technology If face-to-face communication is used, then the span of control will be narrow.
It signifies how the relations are planned between superior and subordinates in an organization. Therefore, his span of control and supervision can easily increase. The more people report to the manager, the wider will be the span of control and vice versa. Availability of Staff Assistance: When an organization is equipped with staff services, subordinates, as a result, gain much of their guidance on methods, schedules and personnel problems from staff experts and, thus, require fewer contacts with line managers. The following factors to be considered when determining span of management: 1. The larger the span of control the more difficult it can be to manage activities especially if there are junior staff or staff new to the project. So, the limited energy with which one can do things will also affect span of control.
A person may have much to do, but limited energy with which to do. The only thing that is common is that it is necessary to strive for a minimum norm of controllability, which facilitates effective coordination of actions and constant monitoring of subordinates. The less capable, motivated and confident the employees are, the better it is to have a narrow span of management so that the managers can spend time with them and supervise them well. Moreover, while relying upon ability and training of the subordinates as a factor influencing span of management, it should be remembered that training is a continuous process. Hence, at higher level of management we have limited span of control.
If the number of subordinates under the direct supervisions of a manager is continuously increased, he will finally reach a point of little or no time in discharging his duties effectively. While, a wide span of management means a single manager or supervisor oversees a large number of subordinates. At higher levels, on the other hand, it is difficult to discover what to teach and how to teach. There is more flexibility, quick decision making, effective communication between top level and low level management,and improved customer interaction in case of wide span of management. If the task assigned to a subordinate is beyond his ability and skill and if he has not been delegated adequate authority to perform it, he cannot be blamed if he fails to carry out his duties successfully. Administrative work is also a category of complex work, it can contain some operations that are measurable, but the proportion of such operations is very small.
With adequate specialised staff and also personal staff services, a manager even at a higher level can handle many subordinates. Also, the subordinates feel relaxed and develop their independent spirits in a free work environment, where the strict supervision is absent. Additionally, the above is well-stated. Multifacetedness and complexity of personnel work determine the complexity of the quantitative evaluation of it. Smart leaders seek to be challenged and to encourage diversity of thought and dissenting opinion. Hence, span of control will increase.
Are you looking for doers, thinkers, or teachers? It is one of the basic functions of organization. Span of management also known as span of control means how many subordinates are handled by a superior. Creative work in this respect is the least quantifiable, for example, it can not be expressed in hours. Span of Control: Meaning, 8 Factors Affecting Meaning of Span of Control Generally, it is believed that the number of subordinates under the supervision and control of one person must be limited, So that he may Easily, Effectively and Successfully control their activities. But many years of experience have shown that the lower the span management, the higher the level of coordination is. The span of control or management is the number of people who report to one manager in a hierarchy.