In terms of the white population of Virginia and Maryland in the mid-18th century, the top five percent were estimated to be planters who possessed growing wealth and increasing political power and social prestige. Grain mills, sawmills, and shipbuilding were popular pursuits, and the harbors along the coast were excellent for promoting trade. By 1750, a variety of artisans, shopkeepers, and merchants provided services to the growing farming population. This PowerPoint, with activities, and lesson plans are available : This lesson teaches how the three regions of the 13 Colonies differed from one another: New England, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Students will be introduced to the way New Englanders turned to lumber, ship building and shipping, fishing, whaling and trading the center of their economic lives. From Maine to Virginia these vast flocks were seen. It is told that farm-laborers in the vicinity of the Connecticut River when engaged to work stipulated that they should have salmon for dinner but once a week.
New Hampshire Colony was founded in 1638 by John Mason and John Wheelwright among others. It would still be governed by the same governor as Pennsylvania, but would eventually become an independent state after the Declaration of Independence. It is said that in New York towns, such as New York and Brooklyn, after shad became a popular fish, great heaps were left when purchased at each door, and that the necessary cleaning and preparation of the shad was done on the street. Farmland was not abundant in the New England Colonies and many settlers ran businesses as opposed to farming. Indenture contract signed with an X by Henry Meyer in 1738: Indentured servitude was often how immigrants were able to fund their passage to the Americas. They funded sawmills that supplied cheap wood for houses and shipbuilding. Colonists hunted and trapped many animals, such as deer and beaver.
The gold and credit slips were sent to England where they were exchanged for manufactures, which were shipped back to the colonies and sold along with the sugar and rum to farmers. Wild hare and squirrels were so many that they became pests, and so much grain was eaten by them that bounties were paid in many towns for the heads of squirrels. They both had fledgling examples of self-government House of Burgesses, New England town governments etc. The Middle Colonists were able to specialize in farming because of the rich soil and good climate. Not only was there food for the settlers, but for the whole world, and all Europe desired fish to eat. Men came from a distance and loaded horses and carts with the fish to carry home. However, not only did colonists have an impact on the environment, but the environment had an impact on the colonists.
Even for farming, they had the basic problem of adjusting to the changed climatic conditions. Some sturgeon were twelve feet long. I had to try some of them raw. They sell a fine cod, will weigh a dozen pounds or more, just taken out of the sea for about twopence sterling. The Puritans valued education, not only for reading the Holy Bible, but also for the economic growth it brought.
These two regions were on opposite sides of America so naturally, they had different climates. Two shad for a penny was the ignoble price in 1733, and it was never much higher until after the Revolution. It was meant to act as a barrier between the Spanish in Florida and South Carolina. Raleigh was North Carolina's major town and Charleston was South Carolina's major town. Maryland Colony, Virginia Colony, South Carolina and George Colony became states in 1788, and North Carolina became a state in 1789.
Although, it was said that they had freedom of religion, the Anglican faith was dominant in the southern colonies. Indentured servants were immigrants from England that agreed to work off their debt cost of moving to America by working on the plantation for so many years. Fish was always eaten in New England for a Saturday dinner; and Mr. There was, however, a vast wealth ready for the colonists on the coast of the New World which was greater than gold, greater than furs; a wealth ever-obtainable, ever-replenished, ever-useful, ever-salable; it was fish. America was always a diverse continent. It was settled originally by the Dutch until the English took control of New York.
It was more thrifty and tidy, however, to carry them home and store them. Unlike indentured servitude which had an end-date promising freedom, slaves were enslaved for life and their children were born into slavery with no choice. Major industries in the New England Colonies included lumber, whaling, shipbuilding, fishing, livestock, textiles, and some agriculture. They controlled the local Anglican church, choosing ministers and handling church property and disbursing local charity. This climate made it more difficult for certain diseases to thrive, unlike in the warmer, Southern colonies. Appalachian Mountains Geologically, the rocks of the Appalachian mountain range are very old, but the rounded ridges and peaks were formed roughly 300 million years ago during a large geological upthrust of land. The dun-fish or dumb-fish, as the word was sometimes written, were the best; so called from the dun-color.
Men important to the time and development of the future United State who came from the Southern Colonies included George Rogers Clark, Thomas Sumter, Francis Marion, Patrick Henry, Charles Lee, Thomas Jefferson, and George Washington. In New York, a fur pelt export trade to Europe flourished, adding additional wealth to the region. Thus, came into existence, the independent, United States of America. Due to their central location, the Middle Colonies were able to be a place of important distribution to the colonies. Southern Colonies The Southern elite consisted of wealthy planters in Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina.
Sturgeon also was caught at a little later date, and bass and alewives. In general, rivers of the former Southern colonies flow eastward to the Atlantic. The land is characterized by rich beach biological communities, a sandy soil substrate that only rises a few feet above sea level, shallow offshore shoals and saline bodies of water that separate the string of islands from the mainland. Massachusetts was named after a tribe, with the name meaning 'large hill place'. Curiously enough, the traveller, Kalm, insisted that bees were not native in America, but were brought over by the English; that the Indians had no name for them and called them English flies. Many farmers lived along the Hudson and Delaware Rivers, or other large waterways, which made shipments possible. The Declaration of Independence would be written and there.