He is particularly good on the Democrats who brought a bitter antisouthernism to Republican thinking and the radicals who stressed the moral issue and who viewed Republican success not as an end but as a means to destroy slavery by divorcing the federal government from any support of it and by building an antislavery Republican party in the South. By the time of Evans' death on Feb. The Republicans' emphasis on national unity, the evils of slavery, and the power of free labor to help the workingman gave them a greater and greater advantage in the North, and in 1860, Lincoln and the Republican Party won convincingly in the Senate, House, and Presidential races. On the opposite extreme were nativist Know-Nothings whose anti-immigrant fervor made them the natural enemies of the Democratic Party; a Party that, in the North, was strongly supported by recently arrived immigrants — in other words, the Know-Nothing anti-slavery position had nothing whatsoever to do with a sense of right or wrong with respect to slaves, but rather, was a poke in the eye at a political rival. Actually, by the time the Civil War was initiated, half the workers in the North were wage-earners, not independent workers.
The South could not permit more free states into the Union. The 15th President of the United States 1857-1861. At the heart of the controversy over the extension of slavery, he argues, is the issue of whether the northern or southern form of society would take root in the West, whose development would determine the nation's destiny. Until this time, the Cape and Natal had been colonies controlled by the British, and the Transvaal and Free State were areas under Boer control. The concept of free labor was also interwoven with religious and moral concepts of self-improvement.
The government-business alliance gave rise to such fortunes as that of rail tycoon Cornelius Vanderbilt. All these pieces had to have been present, and just as the removal of any of these made the party less cohesive, these ideas cannot be fully understood in isolation from each other. In 1829, in New York City, a carpenter became the first candidate of Workingmen's Party and was elected as an assemblyman. There were forceful debates over exactly how far to entrench opposition to slavery in the party platform - was endorsing popular sovereignty sufficient, or was the risk of allowing slavery in the territories too great, and therefore outright abolitionism the only acceptable option? The argument has greater nuances than this brief summation of his thesis might suggest, but the clarity of his thesis is sustainable and interesting. It analyzes the nascent Republican Party's various views of slavery the raison d'etre for the party's creations -- I like that it dedicates chapters to the folks who made up the Party, e. If that is something you are interested - this is the book for you. Few issues in American history illustrate so clearly the power of a grassroots movement that expresses the will of common people.
There's a lot to be said about how much of Southern opposition to the North was due to their conception of themselves as a unique region of the country, with their own ethnic heritage and distinct culture, and how with the South out of the government during the war, many important initiatives were passed - good ones like the Morrill Land Grant College Act, the Homestead Act, and the National Banking Act, along with more mixed ones like the Pacific Railroad Act. You accuse me of Iindolence , but I am indolent not because I have no will but because I have no hope. If slavery were to move west, it would destroy that option because there would be less industrialization and they wouldn't be able to compete with slave labor. Republicans and nativism, Republicans and race, moderate v radical Republicans, etc. They generally believed that the government could not end slavery where it already existed but that it could restrict slavery in new areas. Say that in a seductive tone. Each work he produces is of excellent quality.
Public money was used to subsidize the effort and the participating railroad companies received gratis a square mile of public land for every mile of rail laid. Demonstrating the profoundly successful fusion of value and interest within Republican ideology prior to the Civil War, Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men remains a classic of modern American historical writing. . The party was even less successful in the election of 1852. This book is at times more political theory than history; I usually love to read history, but find political theory a chore.
We propose so resisting it as to have it reversed if we can, and a new judicial rule established upon this subject. He concludes that the various values of these groups combined to transform antislavery from a vague sentiment into a politically viable platform. Evans declared that working people should adopt all means to achieve equal access to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Though many Republicans abhorred the idea of living alongside blacks, and opposed black suffrage or allowing blacks to serve on juries, they made many converts by arguing that the institution of slavery drove down wages for white workers, as well as encouraging undesirable patterns of aristocratic government in Southern states that harmed poor blacks and whites alike. Its former members tended to join the newly established Republican Party. California and New Mexico , free-soilers became ever more fearful of the extension of slavery. Why did the South secede, and why did the North take up arms to prevent its secession? But it's mostly about political disagreement than about ideology.
And who knows what difficulties they would have had governing in peacetime, without the unifier of war. The first Republican Presidential candidate 1856 , John C. To soothe the North, the slave trade was abolished in D. Both anti-slavery farmers and slave-owners had been migrating into the territories for years. The Free Soil movement triumphant It is a testimony to the power of grassroots populism that the homestead movement can be called a success, despite the fact that it never realized its potential. It would stop the spread of slavery in new territories but it was still racist because they didn't like the idea of slaves, and white people had to compete with the blacks for jobs. In 2006 Foner received the Presidential Award for Outstanding Teaching at Columbia University.
Several members of the Whig Party who were opposed to slavery also joined the Free Soilers. Thousands of archives and primary source material were consulted for this book he admits that some was left out in his bibliography. The Free Soil Party played a major role in Ohio politics during the late 1840s and the early 1850s. This organization also makes it an especially useful book for students. Its search is for those social concepts the North accepted as vital to its way of life, finding these concepts most clearly expressed in the ideology of the growing Republican party in the decade before the war's start. Workers in the mines had to stay on the mine premises where their wives could not stay. A placethat they couldget away for a while.