The law of self-preservation, with every being whether physical or moral, is the first law of nature. Although foreign invasion was no longer a threat to the French revolutionary government, terror was escalating under the leadership of Robspierre, resulting in a fear for him and people began to oppose him. A small committee of 12 unqualified people called The Committee of Public Safety gained control of the government of France teaching the gospel according to Rousseau. When and why the Reign of Terror began are matters of historical debate. The Incidence of the Terror during the French Revolution: A Statistical Interpretation. In a wave of executions followed. She paid with a purse full of gold coins.
Terror was the order of the day. With the revolution came great cultural, social, political and historical changes; a new national government was developed which stressed the importance of equality and Madame Guillotine was introduced to ensure justice. However, for the most part, it destabilized the country, rather than solidifying the gains of the Revolution and leading to a virtuous and happy , as its authors had hoped. Retrieved 7 october, 2015, from. In March 1794 Jacques-René Hébert and a number of his supporters on the extreme left were tried before the Revolutionary Tribunal, found guilty, and executed. During this seven weeks, almost 1,400 people were executed in Paris — around 200 more than in the previous 12 months.
He was recognized as an aristocrat and arrested when he ordered an omelette as only an aristocrat would. The Reign of Terror started in 1789 and was a time when supporters of the French Revolution ran wild and started killing non-supporters or counterrevolutionaries. Couthon was a man who would do anything to protect the revolution, whatever the eventual cost. Robespierre took it upon himself to become a prominent member of the revolutionary body. This system obviously benefited the wealthy, upper classes of French society, who were unwilling to sacrifice their economic and political privilege for a more just society. The period of the Reign of Terror, September 1793- July 1794, resulted in significant political and social changes in France. Revolutionary armies were established, farmers were forced to surrender grain demanded by the government, prices were fixed for essential goods, wages were fixed and Law of Suspects was passed.
Across France 30,000 people lost their lives. The period between June 10th and the fall of Robespierre on July 27th became known as the Great Terror. They would steal whatever they c … ould. Shortly thereafter, troops of the National Convention attacked the Hotel de Ville and seized Robespierre and his allies. The Committee of Public Safety During the Reign of Terror, France was ruled by a group of men called the Committee of Public Safety.
In Lyon, a city with a reputation for royalist sympathies and also a federalist center, nearly two thousand were executed, some by guillotine and others shot down by cannon. Â· In July 1794, fearing for their own safety, some members of the National Convention turned on Rob … espierre. He promoted violence and used his power to force the others in following him by means of fear. Loomis, Paris in the Terror 1964 ; and S. Activities Take a ten question about this page. The Reign of Terror, the radical phase of the French Revolution, ended on July 28, 1794, when Robespierre went to the guillotine. There was spaghetti law enforcement.
It began with the overthrow of the and the ascendancy of the under. The Guillotine and the Terror. Some of these revolutionary armies patrolled the provinces with ambulatory guillotines, prepared to administer revolutionary justice on the spot to those who hoarded grain or manipulated market prices. In france, basically Robespierre ordered thousands of peasants tobe beheaded by gullotine. In 1799, the Directory was overthrown in a military coup led by , who wielded dictatorial powers in France as first consul and, after 1804, as French emperor. A representation of the guillotine in use during the Reign of Terror Stories and images of the Reign of Terror dominate our perceptions of the French Revolution.
They arrested and executed anyone who they suspected might not be loyal to the revolution. That France, once illustrious among enslaved nations, may, by eclipsing the glory of all free countries that ever existed, become a model to nations, a terror to oppressors, a consolation to the oppressed, an ornament of the universe and that, by sealing the work with our blood, we may at least witness the dawn of the bright day of universal happiness. The group gainedcontrol over a large part of French government and sought toconsolidate their power by eliminating those who opposed theirpolicies. This terrible war waged by liberty against tyranny- is it not indivisible? In a speech to the National Convention Robespierre further explained how terror would lead to a republic of virtue. On June 4, 1794, Robespierre was almost unanimously elected president of the National Convention. The National Convention was still in charge during the reign of terror, although they had delegated a great number of responsibilities to a group of 12 leaders known as the Committee of Public Safety.
Fearful of Danton's reputation for eloquence, the Convention passed a decree stating that any accused person who insulted the court should be prohibited from speaking in his own defense. The Terror was a period of violent suppression of suspected anti-revolutionary sentiment spanning the years 1793-94. The day after his arrest, Robespierre and 21 of his followers were guillotined before a cheering mob in the Place de la Revolution in Paris. Here the public armed themselves in order to attempt to overthrow the Republic and restore the monarchy to the way it was. The slightest hint of opposition to the revolutionary government could mean prison or even death.
This essay investigates the causes for this unfortunate turn in the trajectory of the revolution. Many of the people who were executed during this period of time were not aristocrats, but ordinary people who may have only stated a critical thought or judgment going against the revolutionary government. The results that the Reign of Terror had on Europe would have impacts on international relations during war. Anything from hoarding grain, harbouring suspects, evading the levée en masse conscription , possessing subversive documents, even speaking critically of the government could lead to a charge. Historians have long debated the meaning of the Reign of Terror. Greer, The Incidence of Terror during the : A Statistical Interpretation 1935 ; R. Parisians had seen their city dangerously under-supplied in the summer of 1793, but other large cities, too, felt vulnerable to grain shortages and the popular unrest that generally accompanied them.
The spirit of idealism that gripped France during the early phases of the Revolution gave way to mass paranoia and extremism, culminating in Robespierre's cruel regime. The reign of terror was incited by a conflict between rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins. If an informer happened to overhear, that was all the tribunal needed. Accused persons either walked free or were carted to the guillotine. Robespierre was also the leader of a radical group called the Jacobins. Another 25,000 were executed across France in what are called 'summary executions' which involve being accused of a crime and executed without due justice. The was adopted as part of a program of de-Christianization.