All these odes were written in his most creative year of 1819. Initially, he soars high on the wings of poetic fancy to the treetops where perches the nightingale, but before long he is back on earth where there is no light other than what flickers of the moonlight through the branches and the leaves of the trees. Keats begins by urging for poison and wine, and then desires for poetic and imaginative experience. In the darkness, he thinks fondly of death. As Fanny Brawne, she met Keats, who was her neighbour in Hampstead, at the beginning of his brief period of intense creative activity in 1818.
The imagery is richly achieved through the of Autumn, and the description of its bounty, its sights and sounds. I cannot see what flowers are at my feet, Nor what soft incense hangs upon the boughs, But, in embalmed darkness, guess each sweet Wherewith the seasonable month endows The grass, the thicket, and the fruit-tree wild; White hawthorn, and the pastoral eglantine; Fast fading violets cover'd up in leaves; And mid-May's eldest child, The coming musk-rose, full of dewy wine, The murmurous haunt of flies on summer eves. He makes imaginative flights into the ideal world, but accepts the realities of life despite its 'fever, fret and fury'. At the start of the poem, the heavy sense of melancholy draws allusions to Ode to Melancholy, and Keats — despite the death imagery — does not really want to die. He feels bittersweet happiness at the thought of the nightingale's carefree life. Thou wast not born for death, immortal Bird! Here, one of the curators of the 2015 British Library Animal Tales exhibition, Matthew Shaw, explores some examples of how this has changed over time. Fled is that music:—Do I wake or sleep? All these words express the poet's wish for a state of oblivion and thereof for a movement into the world of the nightingale.
More secret than a nest of nightingales? Inspired by the bird's song, Keats composed the poem in one day. Keats was aware of other works on classical Greek art, and had first-hand exposure to the , all of which reinforced his belief that classical Greek art was idealistic and captured Greek virtues, which forms the basis of the poem. In the last stanza we start again from the Hampstead garden, and then follow the nightingale as it disappears in the distance. It comes to a full circle as it begins with the experience of the heart and ends with the questioning of the heart. It's quite a strange poem, actually. The poem was inspired by the song of a nightingale, which the poet heard in the gardens of his friend Charles Brown. Such a conception may be just idle whimsies on his part.
The Ode is not the expression of a single mood, but of a succession of moods. While living in the house, Keats fell in love with and became engaged to , who lived with her family in the adjacent house. His ghost informs Isabella in a dream. The poem serves as an important departure from Keats's early poems, which frequently describe an escape into the pleasant realms of one's imagination. Keats' mood is one of drugged languor and has been occasioned by his empathic response to the happiness of the bird. As night shifts into day — shifting from supernatural back into fact — the bird goes from being a bird to a symbol of art, happiness, freedom and joy, back to being a bird. The nightingale's song, unchanged, was heard by the ancients as clearly as it is heard today.
Endymion is written in rhyming in also known as. The poet turns to poetic fancy to bridge the division between him and the bird. It stars as Keats and as Fanny. Like Keanu Reeves in , he has taken the blue pill or was it the red pill? The first four stanzas assert the poet's identification with the bird and its song and the latter four stanzas lay emphasis upon the poet's separateness from the bird. The poem ends with a question about the validity of such a heightened experience when it leaves him with a sense of loss and depression.
Or he could drink from the Hippocrene fountain, which was dear to the ancient Greek muses and was thought to give poetic inspiration. The fits and starts imitate the onset of melancholy—that is, moodiness, hyperactivity followed by loss of desire. Ode to a Nightingale Summary Ode to a Nightingale was written in 1819, and it is the longest one, with 8 stanzas of 10 lines each. I cannot see what flowers are at my feet, Nor what soft incense hangs upon the boughs, But, in embalmèd darkness, guess each sweet Wherewith the seasonable month endows The grass, the thicket, and the fruit-tree wild; White hawthorn, and the pastoral eglantine; Fast-fading violets cover'd up in leaves; And mid-May's eldest child, The coming musk-rose, full of dewy wine, The murmurous haunt of flies on summer eves. All his effort at identification with the bird has proved to be of temporary value.
The song of the nightingale affects the speaker like a drug, as if he had drunk an entire bottle of wine. The term has been used by poets and philosophers to describe the ability of the individual to perceive, think, and operate beyond any presupposition of a predetermined capacity of the human being. In the poem the reference to Flora, Dryad, and Bacchus is made which are all related to Greek mythology. The darkness may have helped his imagination to flourish and furnish his ideal creation, as well as lending a supernatural air to the poem. But his words made me realise just how imaginative a well-writ When I was in high school, we studied a few of John Keats poems.
It can therefore be considered that Keats would rather forget his unhappiness, than die: the references to hemlock, and Lethe, solidify this argument, as both would blur the memory enough to allow Keats to forget. High school might be something I left behind a while ago, but I never forgot about these poems. The poem is an example of Keats's break from the structure of the classical form. With this awareness, he moves into a higher thematic ground moving from the ache of the beginning through yearning for permanence and eventually exploring the tension so as to balance the transient with the permanent. Ode to a Nightingale is a poem of eight stanzas, each stanza consisting of ten lines.
Wreather of poppy buds, and weeping willows! In more recent times, they have also been used to reflect on what it is that defines us as human. Thus the poem is an expression of Keats's feelings rising in his heart at the hearing of the melodious song of the bird. Fled is that music:—do I wake or sleep? They also process a dramatic quality for we are made aware of the presence of two voices engaged in a lyrical debate. The poet desires that wine and poetic imagination together may help him to escape into the world of the nightingale. In fact, no one can escape into the ideal world forever. He wrote the poem in 1819, while visiting his friend Charles Brown, who later wrote about the morning of its composition: In the spring of 1819 a nightingale had built her nest near my house. The poet uses harsh Anglo-Saxon words along with consonance and assonance to mimic the starts and fits associated with the onset of depression.