One researcher called the area the most pristine ecosystem they had ever seen, and this frog was just one six potentially new frog species found there. Numerous plant and animal species are found solely on Madagascar. Of the five species of amphibians, three are found in the north-east — two in Arunachal Pradesh, one in Meghalaya, one in the Eastern Ghats and one from Maharashtra. The blotched boulder frog lives between boulders during the dry season, as moisture and moss are captured between the cracks. Pristiophorus lanae is a slender-bodied five-gilled sawshark, measuring up to 80-85 cm in length.
This allows it to blend in and hide from predators. Photo credit: , Ants are one of the most ubiquitous creatures to inhabit our planet. Researchers estimate the platypus was 3 feet long and chomped on freshwater crustaceans, as well as frogs, fish and small turtles. The new firefly is half a centimeter long, black and orange in color and luminescent on the very tip of its tail. Fungus-growing ants tribe Attini are nocturnal and forage for organic debris to grow their fungus gardens, which hang in curtain-like columns from the ceilings of their hidden underground chambers. The Caqueta titi monkey was among the 441 new species of animals and plants discovered by the in an underexplored Amazon rainforest.
The joint study, which included researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society and the American Museum of Natural History, was published in in October 2013. Yet the biologists and palaeontologists do not plan to rest on their laurels. Their research was published in the journal,. It's described as in danger of extinction due to local mining. Rinjani Scops Owl The Rinjani Scops owl Otus jolandae is small and compact—about the same size as the North American screech-owl—with brown plumage, a whitish belly, and two distinctive ear tufts. The discovery of such a species points to the many creatures on Sulawesi, and other islands, still waiting to be found. Taxonomy and scientific collections are among the most important focal points of the Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung.
No slug This newly identified sea slug, the Hypselodoris iba, hails from the coral reefs of Indonesia. Researchers decided these spikes were like those found on dragons from the popular show. By 2007, the stains were so prevalent they became a major concern for the conservation of precious rock art at the site that dates back to the Upper Paleolithic. The first Arapaima species was described in 1847, and since then, scientists have assumed that it was the only one of its kind. Here are our recent favorites.
Because genetic analysis was not available at that time, Gilbert assumed he had just found an anomaly. Madeline Girard, a graduate student at the University of California, Berkeley, found of these critters in Australia, and named them skeletorus Maratus sceletus and sparklemuffin Maratus jactatus. Lesula Monkey Cercopithecus lomamiensis Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo Old World monkey: Discovered in the Lomami Basin of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the lesula is an Old World monkey well known to locals but newly known to science. She was an integral part of the award-winning EarthSky radio series almost since it began until it ended in 2013. Once mating season starts, males are done making sperm and will forego eating and sleeping until it exhausts all of its reserves and attempts to mate with as many females as possible. Scientists have found that not only do sponges share a primitive common ancestor with other animals, but they also demonstrate immune systems and coordinated movement, putting them squarely in the animal category.
The other species Gersemia lambi has pinkish polyps with orange centers that make it look like a flower, according to one of the scientists who described it. During the mating season, their azure heads shine bright like in a contest, just to impress the females. Cryptic New Wild Cat In November 2013, scientists accidentally discovered a cryptic new species of wild cat in Brazil. Below is a summary of the new species of animals discovered in 2013… 1. The animal belongs the family Procyonidae, which it shares with raccoons, coatis, kinkajous and olingos. Our world is full of life.
University of Maryland paleontologist Thomas Hotz, Jr. These monkeys are monogamous and rear just one young per year. In the middle of the 19 th century, taxonomists thought they had identified four species, but by the 1860s, the differences among them were seen as trivial enough that they were collapsed back into a single one. The lyre sponge—also known as Chondrocladia lyra—has two to six horizontal branches. Further field research will be necessary to determine if M. Just what the purposes of the patches are is uncertain, but it's discoverers speculated that it could be to distract predators.
A sting from one of these feels more like a bug bite than anything else. Since these lizards can be difficult to find because they live hidden in sandy soil, the scientists used large pieces of cardboard and plywood scraps to attract them at a variety of locations. Colonies consist of reproducing queens, which can live 30 years. This includes Gracilimus radix, a new species of rat found on the island. The sponges are tiny, yet they are also ubiquitous. Photo courtesy of Theodore Pietsch, University of Washington Anglerfish are bizarre creatures, which have special appendages extending from their heads that are used to lure prey. The Olinguito, the smallest member of the raccoon family, looks like a cross between a house cat and a teddy bear.
Catshark city The dusky snout catshark Bythaelurus naylori , a new species found in the southwestern Indian Ocean. The fish live in the Central Amazon, in Brazil. The Cape Melville skink leaps about on rock-and-moss fields. Legless lizards are thought to have lost their legs long ago in order to maneuver on soft ground and burrow more easily. They have a single pair of mammary glands, leading scientists to believe they only give birth to one offspring at a time.
With few exceptions, this and other ultra-small frogs are associated with moist leaf litter in tropical wet forests — suggesting a unique ecological guild that could not exist under drier circumstances. At only 2 millimeters in length, these tiny spiders are the smallest creatures to make the list this year, and do so because of their striking resemblance to the infamous hat once owned by the famed wizard Godric Gryffindor. Tapirus kabomani is only the fifth documented species of living tapir and is also the smallest. Orchids can be found from flower shops to grocery stores, but a found atop a volcano in the Azores, the group of islands off the coast of Portugal. The new frog was discovered near Amau village in Papua, New Guinea.