After the Remilitarization of the Rhineland The German military force that was used for this military action was rather small as they were significantly outnumbered by the French military force that was very close to the border. Criteria C : Evaluation of Sources Casey, S. It was however, a risky move. Remember though that in the last days the rhineland was still producing vast q … uantities of wartime stockage, but it sat at the traintracks unable to be moved due to allies air superiority. His action brought condemnation from Great Britain and France, but neither nation intervened to enforce the treaty. Germain and Trianon, 1919 and 1920 respectively — in tatters. Then there is the fact that this page uses an unnamed book by as a source, which is either 1969 or 1960.
This was a vital mistake for the Allies and ultimately played a factor in the fall of France. The British General Staff, worn to shreds by the Great War, casually thought the Germans would be moving into their own back garden and decided to do nothing. Hitler also endangered the peace of Europe by whipping up Nazis in other countries. The Rhineland stayed this way until March 1936. Shortly after daybreak on March 7, 1936, nearly twenty German infantry battalions, along with a small number of planes moved into the Rhineland. Then, focus was on invading Belarus and Ukraine, killing about 2 million of the Ukrainian population. It clearly violated the Locarno Treaty and therefore authorized its signatories to use force to expel the German units Winston 2.
Hitler refused to withdraw his troops, and put pressure on the League of Nations to act. These actions were re-armament, leaving the league of nations, re-militarism of the Rhineland, the spanish civil war, the lightning war and the alliances with Italy and Japan. These actions of Hitler threatened the peace. Rhineland had been demilitarized by the Versailles Peace Treaty of 1918 and confirmed at the Locarno Agreement of 1925. Germany took the Rhineland but started expanding East later on.
The occupation of the Rhineland caused an escalation of tensions between Germany and other European states since this act was a direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Because of this, many Germans believed that they did not really have complete control of the area. That observation, by Adolf Hitler, is not as trite as it sounds. Following the discussions described in the documents, the British Foreign Secretary, Anthony Eden, did indeed meet the German ambassador and make his proposals. Two more events in November 1936 threatened the peace of Europe. The Versailles Treaty also stipulated that the Allied military forces would evacuate the Rhineland in 1935, although they actually evacuated in 1930. The appeasement policy allowed for the t.
The Treaty of Versailles, signed in July 1919—eight months after the guns fell silent in World War I—called for stiff war reparation payments and other punishing peace terms for defeated Germany. Economic trouble during the early 1930s meant Britain had reduced their spending on Arms and their military. The French trade unions, press and almost all political parties despised the idea of another war so soon, and were not against the idea. Within no time, all the members of the Commonwealth, all except Ireland were directly involved in the war. That is, no German troops were to be stationed inside that area or any fortifications built.
It was to be a demilitarised buffer zone. In 1936, also, Hitler moved his troops into the Rhineland demilitarised zone. Moreover, the uncorroborated claim of General that if the French had marched in 1936, then the result have been the overthrow of the Nazi regime, is to put it bluntly shows that somebody is not being as critical as they should be in evaluating historical sources. The first troops to enter Rhineland were ordered to retreat if they met french resistance. Hitler had allies now, and could afford to be more aggressive. But seeing that France did not do anything because they did not want to resort to war, Hitler continued with his plans.
Therefore, no action was taken against , despite later comment that the march into the Rhineland had been the most nerve-racking 48 hours of his life. They appeased to Hitler, and he no longer thought that they were going to confront him about anything. He was hoping the League would be too pre-occupied in their dealings with Italy, to take much notice of his actions. It became part of the German state of Prussia in 1815. Most other maps I'v seen show it much larger. Italy, you will remember, was one of the guarantors of the demilitarization.
Hitler occupied the Rhineland in 1936 because by occupying the Rhineland, he was destroying the terms settled in the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, and breaking the treaty of Locarno in 1925. He helped the Germans out of the depression by remilitarizing and giving people jobs. The train station was nearly under the shade of the Kölner Dom, the great Gothic cathedral of Köln. The operation was codenamed Winter Exercise. First, Hitler offered non-aggression pacts to France and Belgium and other Eastern European countries. France would only take action against Germany if brittain helped them. The treaties signed by Hitler, especially the Versailles, clearly stated that if the Rhineland was entered and rearmed by Germany they were to be taken out immediately.
He had always declared his firm intention of overthrowing the Treaty of Versailles and uniting all Germans in one country, even if it led to war. We know that those men sitting round the Cabinet table in Downing Street in March 1936 had no idea that they were only three and a half years away from war. The Rhineland was to be demilitarised. The German reoccupation and fortification of the Rhineland was the most significant turning point of the inter-wars. Later, the racist Polish elite signed sectret treaties with Hitler, mainly on being helped out at the end of their Ukrainian war and the troubles created by their invasion. And some years after he seized power it was clear he wanted to dominate the whole of Europe and the rest of the world. In 1936 Germany sent troops into the Rhineland, which had been demilitarized under the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.
These actions of Hitler threatened the peace. The last British soldiers left in late 1929 and the last French soldiers left in June 1930. This is because France and the United Kingdom were undergoing a policy of appeasement, where they would basically ignore Hitler and his actions to avoid war to a certain extent. This was appeasement in action, and it still endangered the peace because it made Hitler think that he could do anything he wanted. This was the first time that German armed forces had been in this area since the last part of World War I. Hitler had been worried as France was still far stronger than Germany.