Section 4 deals with power to make rules. Setting up of a Central Zoo Authority. Ashwani Kumar has submitted its report on February 26, 2016. The Government of India has assigned the ownership of minor forest produce to the people living in and around forests for the purpose of collection, processing, trade and marketing through a national level legislation named as the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest rights Act, 2006. Very marginal participation of the poor community in the Act remains one of the major drawbacks which affects proper execution of the Act.
The world forest covers all statutorily recognized forests whether designated as reserved, protected or otherwise for Section 2 i of the Act. For the first time, this law also gives the community the right to protect and manage the forest. Proposals involving forest land of more than 40 ha. The Act has failed to attract public support because it has infringed upon the human rights of the poor native people. Restriction and prohibition on hunting and trapping wildlife. Besides this the Ministry has recently taken several new initiatives to steer the country towards the basic premises of sustainable developments and towards providing ecological security for the future.
Some of the Environmental Acts are: 1. The government set up protected areas along the Chambal to prevent poaching of their skin for high-grade crocodile leather, and it raises eggs in captivity to protect them from predators. Steps Needed: Awareness should be created on the importance of wildlife in the ecological scheme. Forests Conservation Act, 1980 : The Act covers all types of forests including reserve forests, protected forests or any forested land irrespective of its ownership. These all-powerful officials unsurprisingly either did nothing or recorded only the rights of powerful communities.
In conclusion the forest should be looked upon as a source of revenue. The personal ownership certificates for animal articles tiger, leopard skins etc. Short title, extent and commencement. Rehabilitation of endangered and threatened species. These activities include setting of transmission lines, seismic surveys, exploration, drilling and hydroelectric projects. But, since afforested land cannot become a forest overnight, loss of goods and services like timber, bamboo, fuelwood, carbon sequestration, soil conservation, water recharge, and seed dispersal are still experienced. If I am cultivating more than 4 hectares without documents or a dispute, I receive title to only 4 hectares.
This led to the Forest Conservation Act of 1980 and its amendment 1988. There are different categories of protected areas with different objectives. Preservation of biological diversity by establishing sanctuaries, national parks and biosphere reserves. Having regard to the importance of the matter, the Act has been adopted by all the States except that of Jammu and Kashmir which has a similar law enacted for the purpose of wildlife protection. Areas which were once teeming with wildlife have become devoid of it and even in sanctuaries and National Parks the protection afforded to wildlife needs to be improved. This is due to the lack of civic sense among people and due to the lack of necessary infra structure for enforcing implementation of the laws efficiently. The Wildlife Protection Act was passed in 1972, followed by the Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act 1974, the Forest Conservation Act, 1980, Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1981 and subsequently the Environment Protection Act, 1986.
The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Act, 2006 The Act seeks to recognize and vest the forest rights and occupation in forest land in forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers who have been residing in such forests for generations but whose rights could not be recorded. It seems that the Act has been enacted just as a fallout of Stockholm Conference held in 1972. The Act was amended subsequently in 1982, 1986, 1991 and 1993 to accommodate provision for its effective implementation. The wildlife management in India aims at i protection of natural habitats through a controlled and limited exploitation of species; ii maintenance of the viable number of species in protected areas national park, sanctuary, biosphere reserve, etc. However, dumping of any material into a stream for the purpose of reclamation of land is not considered an offence. Finally, land recognised under this Act cannot be sold or transferred.
Taking steps to meet requirements of fuel, wood, fodder, minor forest produce, soil and timber of rural and tribal populations; 7. Forest Conservation Act, 1980 An Act to provide for the conservation of forests and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. The jurisdiction of Civil Court is barred under the Act. The World Wide Fund for Nature believes it is extinct in its former habitats of Pakistan, Bhutan and Myanmar. Initially, the ad-hoc body was not allowed to disburse money to the states.
The elephant habitat has shrunk over the years, and poaching for elephant tusks has endangered the species, especially in southern India. Sections 3 A and 3 B were added through the amendments of 1988, which deal with penalty for conservation of the provisions of the Act and offences by authorities and Government Department, respectively. Appeals against orders made under section 2 of the forest conservation act on or after the commencement of the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 lie with the National Green Tribunal. The gram sabha plays this role because it is a public body where all people participate, and hence is fully democratic and transparent. The endangered species include the Asiatic lion, a rare wild animal that survives in India alone. Salient Features of the Act: a. Failure to comply with the conditions prescribed for this purpose is punishable with fine and imprisonment.
The policy also prohibits State government for allotting any forest land for non-forest purposes. Captive breeding of wildlife should be taken up on a larger scale, even as more reserves and national parks are developed. Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1974: The Act defined terms like pollution, sewage effluent, trade effluent, stream and boards. The procedures along with formats for obtaining clearances under the act have been prescribed under the Forest Conservation Rules 2003 and 2004 which also has constituted a forest advisory committee and regional empowered committee. Conservation of natural heritage; 3.
The Central and State Boards have to emphasize on the implementation of clean green technologies by the industries to reduce the generation of pollutants. Project Elephant: In India elephants are mainly to be found in the rain forests of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala; the tropical forests of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Central India, and the western region; and the Himalayan foothills in the north-east and Uttarakhand. Important fauna include elephant; wild boar; deers cheetal or axis deer, hog deer, swamp deer or barasinga, sambhar ; antelopes four-horned antelope, nilgai, blackbuck, etc. Pigs, crab-eating macaque, palm civet and deers are other important land animals of the islands. But their role and contribution is neither acknowledged nor honoured. Checking soil erosion and denudation in catchment areas of rivers, lakes and reservoirs; 4. These are national assets to be protected and enhanced for the well being of the people and Nation.