When in doubt, ask those others. Civilised people can agree to disagree, and also recognise that some things really are relative. For example, we kill someone for life insurance money. Early experience can't be the whole story, since not everyone who has a bad childhood ends up showing cruelty to others, and some psychopaths had perfectly loving parents and still ended up capable of hurting others. It is reasonable, while passionately reasoning.
How We Are Moral: Absolute, Relative, and Provisional Ethics 7. Immorality comes when competitiveness is pushed too far. Under the belief that I can choose my own goods and evils, nobody can tell me that this is wrong, and therefore I could not be punished under a law because law would only be relative. People believe in God because we are pattern-seeking, storytelling, mythmaking, religious, moral animals. I admit, I found it a bit dry.
Over hundreds of thousands of years, our ancestors arrived at moral principles designed to maintain peace and order in communities of ever-increasing size and complexity. The world known scientists still argue on this subject. A court found all three guilty of manslaughter. The author also emphasizes on the danger that hangs over the humanity, caused by different religious beliefs. The followers of these kinds of religious ideas are able to harm their opponents only because of their faith. So much has happened since 2004, particularly in the field of neuroscience.
Contrast these noble acts with the horrors that humans commit: murder, rape, kidnapping, torture. Being an experienced scientist, Harris criticizes any kind of religion and popularizes new atheistic trends. The audiobook is abridged down to under 3 hours, so I didn't get all of the content. Michael Shermer tackles two of the deepest and most challenging problems of our age: 1 The origins of morality and 2 the foundations of ethics. Indeed, the facts confirm that in the modern world organized religion is simply inadequate to the task. Where does it come from? Not only can I not remember most of it ten years later but it's poorly organized. These books are fine for 12 year olds who have never been asked to think critically -- which is far too many of them, so these books have a place -- but bravery is standing against the evil of today, and recognizing that is exactly what it is, evil.
In other words, cultures may differ in tagging a particular behavior as good or bad, as moral or immoral. The author's well-intended principles fail to address this fundamental problem, at least directly. In his morality section, Shermer makes a strong scientific case that morality exists outside the human mind as a human universal trait. In this book, he explores the origin of morality, the concept of free will, the difference between moral choices, and the science of ethics; replete with scientific studies for support. How it relates to the law. Shermer does not argue his pyramid should form a basis for the moral principles he espouses, nor is it apparent that it serves to structure a reading of human history and the author is vague or at least too long-view when it comes to parsing whose history we are here considering, over what period of time, and how motivational benchmarks are determined.
In looking back, this is a good small-take on the larger concepts posed in that book, explaining interactions with a more fine-grained approach. They hypothesize that humans—and many other species, to a lesser degree—evolved the desire to help one another because cooperation within large social groups was essential to survival. No matter what, killing people is unacceptable. With the death of Carl Sagan and Stephen Jay Gould, I thought I had lost the best of the science writers. In 1934, for example, Abraham Franzblau discovered a negative correlation between religiosity and honesty. However there are some views that I completely disagree with e.
He even goes so far as to play out how his system might be used to address issues ranging from lying and adultery to the contemporary hot-button ethical conundra abortion, cloning, and animal rights. I also really liked the suggested reading list and list of basic human traits that exist in all cultures around the world. There are no privileged priests in science. Does it require any special act, like going to church or the only faith is still enough? He is genuine, he takes a scientific approach but he is not afraid to tell you how he feels. Researchers have also found that some of these adolescents end up committing major crimes such as murder, rape, and violent robbery.
One obvious role is to study the influences that lead to great or persistent acts of harm or benefit. It was stuck between the tracks. But today, in stark and refreshing contrast, we have popular authors like Michael Shermer --psychologist, science historian, publisher of Skeptic magazine, and monthly columnist for Scientific American --who recognize that moral issues, like all others, must be subjected to rational scrutiny. Raising Caring, Not Violent, Children On the basis of my own research on child rearing and the research of many others, and my own experiences with the application of research, I believe that we know a great deal about raising caring and nonaggressive children. In summary, I really enjoyed this book.