It is an island in the Ionian Sea, off the coast of Greece. This was the more remarkable in view of difficulties at home. It specifically discusses in several passages the socially and culturally degenerative effects of war on humanity itself. The two sides each won several battles after that. It was a very stratified and conservative society. Since there appear to be some contradictions between certain passages in the History, it has been proposed that the conflicting passages were written at different times and that Thucydides' opinion on the conflicting matter had changed. The entire length of the walls around the city and the ports was around 22 miles.
At first, they resisted the calls of its allied to declare war on its arch-rival. Background Statuette of a Spartan Warrior The origins of the Peloponnesian War lay in Greece's victory over the Persian Empire. Pericles can be criticized for not foreseeing this, with the evidence of Samos behind him. Athens controlled the coastal areas of Greece and the Greek islands, while Sparta, a land power could control the Peloponnese. This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war.
Consequently, Athens began to accumulate a huge navy. The Athenian view was that Sparta was jealous of Athens' preeminence in the Hellenic world. As the member states of the League gradually lost their independence, it transformed into the Athenian Empire, whose growth Sparta watched with concern. A state or individual who headed an organization of states. Other political happenings in this stage were that Corinth formed a coalition with Athens. Contingent as Sparta's existence was on its leadership of the Peloponnesus because of the potential instability of its helot-based infrastructure, Sparta had no choice but war. Megara was a long-time Spartan ally and this was widely resented, as it was seen as an attempt to make Megara completely dependent on Athens.
Pericles had the League treasury relocated from its home on Delos to Athens, from whence most of the funds were used in vast building projects such as the Parthenon. This was the start of the great Peloponnesian War. Secondly, the alliance known as the Delian League had brought the city-states of Greece into an uneasy military alliance that many members began to resent over time. This is Thucydides' own final judgment. During and after the Persian Wars, it had transformed itself and became a major trading and maritime power. Corinth maintained colonies, such as Corcyra and Epidamus.
They sent a large force there to attack the city of Syracuse. The word Peloponnesian comes from the name of the peninsula in southern Greece called the Peloponnese. It saw no reason to accede to Spartan demands, which would also weaken and threaten its standing in its empire. Sparta society depended on a servile population. Corinth had caused what we now call the Peloponnesian War. This solution actually has a longer history than might appear at first sight.
At the start of the war, the Athenians had prudently put aside some money and 100 ships that were to be used only as a last resort. It convulsed Greece and changed the course of the Classical world. The helots toiled the lands of Lacodemia for their Spartan masters. These include addresses given to troops by their generals before battles and numerous political speeches, both by Athenian and Spartan leaders, as well as debates between various parties. Allowing the Melians to remain neutral would set a dangerous precedent and threaten Athenian hegemony. Athens used it to build up its navy and therefore its importance and power. Reactions to all this, within the empire and outside it, are hard to gauge.
However, the Thirty Years Peace was under increasing strain. Critics have attempted without success to understand whether Thucydides puts the blame for the war on the Athenians or the Spartans. The kings shared power with a council of elders Gerousia. The Long Walls were demolished, the fleet was reduced to a token 12 ships, and the empire ceased to exist. Princeton: Princeton University Press 1994. This strategy was recommended by Pericles to the Athenians and was much praised by Thucydides.
The Peloponnesian War gets its name from the Peloponnesus, which is the southern peninsula of Greece where much of the conflict took place. The shame of the Sphacteria surrender was wiped out in one day, and the Greek world was reminded of Spartan hoplite supremacy. Timeline Several historians divide the war in 3 stages. This Sparta did, and in some long, drawn-out diplomacy it agreed to abandon all claim to Anatolia as part of a deal for money and a fleet; the money given was hardly lavish, and the fleet did not materialize at all perhaps, as Thucydides hints, because Tissaphernes wanted to wear down both sides, but perhaps because it was needed for use against Egypt. Similarly, the expedition of Boeotia proved to be a disaster. Started when Megara went from the Peloponnesian League to the Delian League giving Athens protection from Corinth and a port in Corinthian gulf. So far we can agree with Thucydides if we give a charitable reading to his assessment of the inevitability of events.
This too called for money and ships, but it had neither accumulated reserves like Athens nor a proper fleet. The kings shared power with a council of elders Gerousia. Sparta was presenting itself as a leader of Dorians, not just as a selfish promoter of Spartan interests. The League demanded these be lifted, Pericles persuaded Athens to be confident of its walls and war fleet and refuse, and war ensued. The Spartans came to believe that they had no choice but to go to war. Culpability for the Potidaean conflict is even more unambiguous —as is reflected in the amount of attention Thucydides gives Potidaea relative to that given Epidamnus.